Mindset I was guilty of what Stanford psychologist Carol Dweck calls the “fixed” mindset instead of the more constructive “growth” mindset. Dweck is an authority on things like brain science and learning. In her book “Mindset: The New Psychology of Success,” she describes the growth mindset as a far superior method for transforming effort into success. The growth mindset allows you to focus on self-development, self-motivation, and responsibility for results. A growth mindset keeps you from saying, “I’m a natural-born loser,” and instead saying, “I need to work harder at this.” In a growth mindset, people are not afraid to make an error, look silly, or show a deficiency.
Dweck’s decades of research are particularly relevant for people aiming for business school. The growth mindset resonates on a tactical level, in studying for the GMAT or GRE. It also resonates on a strategic level, considering the personal leadership attributes sought by admissions officers of most business schools.
The Tactical: Testing
Standardized tests demand a growth mindset. The computer-adapted tests, which give you harder questions if you answer right and easier questions if you score wrong, can send the fixed-mindset student into a failure spiral that will ruin any chances of a decent score. The growth mindset, however, allows the student to work toward mastery. To put the time and the effort into learning the material and the process. The growth mindset allows the student to embrace the possibility that skills can be learned (they can), and that sustained effort (and a good coach) leads to accomplishment. The person with a growth mindset loves to conquer a challenge, while the person with the fixed mindset demands perfection right away.
The Strategic: Leading
Business schools seek out people with attributes that will make them leaders who will change the world for the better. They are looking for people who don’t give up and see hurdles as a challenge. They want people who can learn from others to improve themselves and their environment. I worked with one student, now on his way to Wharton, who appeared on the surface to be an all-or-nothing high achiever. At first, he looked like the “typical MBA,” never a good sign. But later, in his application and interview, he mentioned something both disarming and revealing. When discussing his recent lessons in Taekwondo, he said “It is never too late for a fervent beginner.” That’s the growth mindset.
There may have been a time when business schools were looking only for people with natural-born talent. But as the world has changed and management science has evolved, MBA programs want growth-mindset types in their classes. They want people who are willing to try new things, and are prepared to not be perfect the first time out. They want people who think of themselves as works in progress.
And that’s why learning a new sport (or skill, or technique, or trick) isn’t so bad. I know I was clumsy and got it all wrong with my first attempt at rowing. But no harm done. I’ll just keep trying until I get it right.
Whenever that may be.
By Betsy Massar, Havard Business School graduate and founder of Master Admissions. Master Admissions acts as a campaign manager and champion, setting you up for success in applying to your top-choice business schools. Visit masteradmissions.com for a free consultation with Betsy Massar.